California Current Ecosystem
Investigators: U. Send, M. Ohman, D. Demer, T. Martz, C. Sabine, J. Hildebrand, A. Dickson
The objectives of the CCE project are to resolve event-scale ocean phenomena and to understand linkages between changes in the physical-chemical environment and the responses of ocean biota, including the ocean carbon system with respect to anthropogenic climate change.This multi-investigator, multi-disciplinary project operates two surface moorings in the California Current: CCE1 and CCE2. CCE1 is located off Point Conception in the core of the California Current, and CCE2 is positioned closer to shore on the shelf break, where localized upwelling processes are enhanced. Each mooring carries a sensor suite covering biological, chemical, and physical oceanography as well as meteorology. Some of the mooring components (e.g., self-sufficient pH sensors, aspects of the data telemetry system, integration of multi-disciplinary sensors) represent new, ground-breaking technologies.
Embedded in, and coordinated with other projects, such as CalCOFI, LTER, and CORC, these platforms comprise a powerful ocean observing network off Southern California that is both scientifically interesting, and economically and socially relevant.
Deployment DataEach mooring telemeters a subset of its data to shore in real time. Telemetered data from current and prior deployments are available via the table below. Complete, quality-controlled, processed data sets are generated following the buoy's recovery, and are disseminated by the international OceanSITES program. These quality-controlled data sets can be accessed via the OceanSITES Global Data Assembly Center public ftp server [CCE1 | CCE2].
- Ohman, M.D., D.L. Rudnick, A. Chekalyuk, R.E. Davis, R.A. Feely, M. Kahru, H.-J. Kim, M.R. Landry, T.R. Martz, C.L. Sabine, and U. Send (2013), Autonomous ocean measurements in the California Current Ecosystem. Oceanography 26(3):18–25, doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2013.41.
- Martz, T., U. Send, M. D. Ohman, Y. Takeshita, P. Bresnahan, H.-J. Kim, and S.H. Nam (2014), Dynamic variability of biogeochemical ratios in the Southern California Current System. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 2496–2501, doi: 10.1002/2014GL059332.
- Goericke, R., and M. Ohman (2015), Introduction to CCE-LTER: Responses of the California Current Ecosystem to climate forcing. Deep Sea Res. II. 112: 1-5, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.12.001.
Note: CCE is part of the international OceanSITES program. Complete, quality-controlled, processed data sets are made available via the OceanSITES Global Data Assembly Center public ftp server [CCE1 | CCE2].
- Send, Uwe; Ohman, Mark; Lankhorst, Matthias; and Kim, Hey-Jin (2016): Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nutrients, and other variables collected from profile and discrete observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V New Horizon and R/V Robert Gordon Sproul in the U.S. West Coast for calibration and validation of California Current Ecosystem (CCE) Moorings from 2009-12-15 to 2015-04-29 (NCEI Accession 0146024). Version 2.2. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi: 10.7289/V57D2S6C.
- Lankhorst, Matthias; Send, Uwe (2016): CTD Data from Research Vessel New Horizon in the NE Pacific, 15-20 December 2009 (NCEI Accession 0156689). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi: 10.7289/V53J3B0T.
- Lankhorst, Matthias; Lowcher, Caroline; Send, Uwe (2017): CTD Data from Research Vessel New Horizon in the NE Pacific, 24 April - 01 May 2014 (NCEI Accession 0157699). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi: 10.7289/V5J38QMW.
- Lankhorst, Matthias; Lowcher, Caroline; Send, Uwe (2017): CTD Data from NOAA Ship Reuben Lasker in the NE Pacific, 06-12 2016-10 (NCEI Accession 0157761). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi: 10.7289/V5DB7ZW5.
- Lankhorst, Matthias; Lowcher, Caroline; Send, Uwe (2018): Water temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen profiles, and other data from CTD taken from the research vessel Bell M. Shimada, cruise SH-17-10, in the Northeast Pacific Ocean from 2017-11-01 to 2017-11-07 (NCEI Accession 0182942). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Unpublished Dataset.
AcknowledgementsThis project is made possible with funding from the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program and the NOAA Climate Program Office, as well as funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) through the CCE-LTER program. Additional contributions come from the U.Send lab, the PMEL Carbon group, the NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center (SWFSC) and from all collaborators.
The initial year of the CCE project was also supported by the NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the UCSD Academic Senate and UC Ship Funds.
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